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Category: History and culture

The Historical Culture of Canada(I)

The history of Canada is the history of immigrants. When the Indians and the Inuit did not come from Asia, Canada’s vast land was still desolate. Canada and Asia are separated by a shallow Bering Strait. Tens of thousands of years ago, the glaciers retreated and the waters receded. The Bering Strait became a natural land bridge connecting Jakarta. Asians entered Canada along this land bridge and gradually developed into Indian and Inuit, these two Canadian indigenous peoples.


These two peoples have been active in the history of Canada for thousands of years. They either collected, or farmed, or fished and hunt, creating a primitive civilization in production. Before the European colonial footprints did not step into their lives, Canada was still an area that was primitive but still calm and peaceful.

In the 15th century, Europe began a large-scale overseas expedition. In 1497, the Italian explorer John Cabot arrived in a “newly discovered land” by a British ship – New Foundland. He was surprised to find that the fish here were very dense, and the large groups of squid were densely packed around the ship, and a large squid could be caught by throwing an empty basket on the side of the ship. To this day, the Great Banks are still world-famous big fisheries.

Rich fishery resources naturally attract countless European fishermen. Some fishery bases have been established on the shore for the salmon caught in pickled and dried air. In addition to providing catfish products to Europe, these fishery bases also provide Europe with a variety of furs, especially precious beavers. The lucrative profits of the fishery and fur trade have made Canada a glistening magnet for Europeans, especially British and French immigrants.


In 1535, the French explorer Jacques Carter went deep into the Gulf of St. Lawrence and along the St. Lawrence River to the Great Lakes region of the Americas. Although the rushing waters of Montreal were blocking his westward advancement, he found something more valuable than the desolate land–the fur. This time, Jack Cartier used the name of the local Huron Yishangkui village and residence – “Kanata” to name the area he found, and later the name is increasingly wide spread, eventually evolved into the name of Canada. A district in Ottawa is still named after Kanata.


The St. Lawrence Valley is rich in fur. After Jack, a large number of French fur merchants flocked, and the French king gave the colonial founders an attractive fur trade privilege. These French fur acquisition places were continued to build in the river basin. The St. Lawrence River gradually became the French colonial sphere of influence, and the French people kindly referred to this rich region as “New France.” At the same time, the Britain depended on its naval force to step up build more fur acquisition places on the coast. Although the contradiction between the colonial of Britain and French were still existed, the colonial structure in French inland and British shores can make them in peace.

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The Culture of Elizabeth Tower

The Elizabeth Tower was designed by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin and was built by Edward Dent and his son Frederick. The Elizabeth Tower was installed on the clock tower in 1859. The Elizabeth Tower is the second largest clock in the world that faces four directions. The inscription on each of the clock faces is engraved with a Latin inscription. “God, please bless the safety of our Queen Victoria I.”

The clock weighs 13.5 tons and the dial has a diameter of 7 meters. The hour and minute pointer are 2.75 meters and 4.27 meters respectively, and the pendulum weighs 305 kilograms. The Elizabeth Tower is a bell tower in the north of the Houses of Parliament in London, England. The Elizabeth Tower is famous for its accuracy and its huge 13-ton bronze clock for timekeeping.

Clock tower

Known as the “Big Ben”, the “Clock Tower” is located on the banks of the River Thames. It was built in 1859 and is 96 meters high. It is part of the British Parliament building. This 96-meter-tall tower, built in 1859, is surrounded by four gold-plated clocks. The name of the tower depends on the giant clock that placed in it – Big Ben. “Big Ben” has 393 steps from the bottom of the tower to the top of the tower. Conservative Party leader Cameron, Liberal Democrat leader Craig and Labor Party leader Miliband took the lead in supporting the name change proposal, arguing that this was the appropriate way to pay tribute to the Queen. The bill caused a lot of controversy on Twitter. Many people began to mistakenly think that the name of “Big Ben” was changed, but in fact it was renamed the clock tower where “Big Ben” is located.

Big Ben’s timekeeping is strictly regulated by a stack of coins placed on the huge pendulum. Big Ben has rarely stopped. Even after a bomb destroyed the Commons chamber during the Second World War, the clock tower survived and Big Ben continued to strike the hours. The tower in Westminster, which houses the giant bell known as Big Ben, is sinking into the banks of the Thames, partly as a result of decades of underground excavation. Big Ben is equipped with a microphone and is connected to the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), so every time the big clock is reported, people can hear their powerful voice from the BBC’s broadcast.

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