History Background

Human martyrdom is a cruel and barbaric funeral system that sprouted with the collapse of primitive public ownership and prevailed until slavery was established. The most prosperous period of human martyrdom was the Yin and Shang Dynasty, and there were martyrs in the noble tombs of the Shang Dynasty. In the Gong Mausoleum area of Yin Dynasty ruins in Anyang, more than 5,000 people were killed and killed in more than a dozen tombs that have been excavated.click

The Zhou Dynasty drew lessons from the tyranny of the Yin and Shang Dynasty, click which restrained the phenomenon of human martyrdom to a great extent, but it did not eradicate it. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, social changes led to changes in burial customs, which resulted in the use of terracotta figurines and wooden figurines instead of human beings.

Building Structure

The terracotta warriors and horses of Qin Shihuang are sitting in the funeral pit from west to east, and the three pits are arranged in a Chinese word pin (in Chinese 品) pattern.

The earliest discovery was the No. 1 Terracotta Warriors and Horses pit, click which was rectangular. There were more than 8,000 terracotta warriors and horses in the pit, and there were ramp doorways on all sides. Separately there is a terracotta warriors and horses pit on both sides of No. 1 terracotta pit, which is called No. 2 pit and No. 3 pit. Terracotta Warriors and Horses pit is an underground tunnel-like civil structure building, which digs a pit about 5 meters deep from the ground and builds a parallel earth partition wall in the middle of the pit.