The history of Canada is the history of immigrants. When the Indians and the Inuit did not come from Asia, Canada’s vast land was still desolate. Canada and Asia are separated by a shallow Bering Strait. Tens of thousands of years ago, the glaciers retreated and the waters receded. The Bering Strait became a natural land bridge connecting Jakarta. Asians entered Canada along this land bridge and gradually developed into Indian and Inuit, these two Canadian indigenous peoples.
These two peoples have been active in the history of Canada for thousands of years. They either collected, or farmed, or fished and hunt, creating a primitive civilization in production. Before the European colonial footprints did not step into their lives, Canada was still an area that was primitive but still calm and peaceful.
In the 15th century, Europe began a large-scale overseas expedition. In 1497, the Italian explorer John Cabot arrived in a “newly discovered land” by a British ship – New Foundland. He was surprised to find that the fish here were very dense, and the large groups of squid were densely packed around the ship, and a large squid could be caught by throwing an empty basket on the side of the ship. To this day, the Great Banks are still world-famous big fisheries.
Rich fishery resources naturally attract countless European fishermen. Some fishery bases have been established on the shore for the salmon caught in pickled and dried air. In addition to providing catfish products to Europe, these fishery bases also provide Europe with a variety of furs, especially precious beavers. The lucrative profits of the fishery and fur trade have made Canada a glistening magnet for Europeans, especially British and French immigrants.
In 1535, the French explorer Jacques Carter went deep into the Gulf of St. Lawrence and along the St. Lawrence River to the Great Lakes region of the Americas. Although the rushing waters of Montreal were blocking his westward advancement, he found something more valuable than the desolate land–the fur. This time, Jack Cartier used the name of the local Huron Yishangkui village and residence – “Kanata” to name the area he found, and later the name is increasingly wide spread, eventually evolved into the name of Canada. A district in Ottawa is still named after Kanata.
The St. Lawrence Valley is rich in fur. After Jack, a large number of French fur merchants flocked, and the French king gave the colonial founders an attractive fur trade privilege. These French fur acquisition places were continued to build in the river basin. The St. Lawrence River gradually became the French colonial sphere of influence, and the French people kindly referred to this rich region as “New France.” At the same time, the Britain depended on its naval force to step up build more fur acquisition places on the coast. Although the contradiction between the colonial of Britain and French were still existed, the colonial structure in French inland and British shores can make them in peace.